Xpo Shipping Facts

  • LTL:Less than load or less than truck load, this term is used when you are shipping a carton or a few skids. Something that can be consolidated on to a truck with other shipments
  • FTL: FTL stands for Full Truck Load and refers to any shipment that takes up all or almost all of the truck’s space. A FTL shipment can range from 5000 lbs and up, there are 2 types of FTL shipments: Full Loads, which completely fill the entire truck and Partial Loads, which almost fill the entire truck.
  • Freight Class: Refers to the National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) and it is the category of your freight as defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). Your shipment’s freight class determines the carrier’s shipping charges. It identifies the size, value and difficulty of transporting your freight. Most all trade show material will be shipped and classed at class 125
  • BOL (Bill of Lading): The BOL is the form that is provided to the shipper showing all details of the shipment, pick up location date & time , Delivery location date & time, tracking number and the terms and conditions of a contract between a shipper and atransportation company.
  • Carrier: Another name for the trucking company who transports freight.
  • Consignee: The person or company receiving the shipment.
  • Shipper: The person or company shipping the shipment.
  • Fuel Surcharge: A fee imposed by all carriers due to the excessive costs for diesel gas. The charge is a % based upon the U.S. National Average Diesel Fuel Index.
  • Lift gate service: When the shipping or receiving address does not have a loading dock, manual loading or unloading is necessary. A lift gate is a platform at the back of certain trucks that can raise and lower a shipment from the ground to the truck.
  • Residential Pick up or Delivery: Picking up or delivering from a home or home business. In most cases if you are shipping from a residence you’ll need a lift gate,
  • PRO Number: A number assigned by the carrier to reference your shipment. It is also used for tracking your shipment.
  • Detention Time aka Waiting Time: The time the driver waits in the marshalling yard to get loaded or unloaded.
  • Marshalling yard: Check-in area for trucks delivering exhibit material.
  • Drayage aka Material handling: The unloading of your shipment, transporting it to your booth, storing and returning your empty crates and cartons, and reloading your shipment at the close of the show.
  • Drayage Charge: The dollar cost based on weight. 100-pound units; or hundredweight, abbreviated CWT, calculates drayage. There is usually a minimum charge.
  • Pallet aka Skid: Wooden or plastic platform used to carry goods.
  • Crate: A four sided box with a top and bottom
  • Shrink Wrap: Process of wrapping loose items on pallet with transparent plastic wrapping.
  • Target Date-Move-in date: This is assigned to exhibitors by the general contractor and the show management. If this date is missed you can expect to be charged a fee by the general contractor.
  • Special Handling: This applies to display and/or product shipment requiring extra labor or equipment.
  • Overtime aka O.T: Work performed before 8:00am and after 4:40pm Monday through Friday, and all hours on Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays.
  • General Contractor aka Decorator: The Company which provides all services to exhibition management and exhibitors.
  • Fork Lift: Vehicle with power-operated pronged platform for lifting and carrying loads such as pallets, Skids or crates.
  • Dimensional Weight: This is the foot print the material takes up on the truck, Dimensional Weight is calculated is by taking the L x W x H and dividing that by 250. For example, if a pallet is 48x40x48, the DIM Weight is 369. DIM Weight will affect your price only if it exceeds your actual weight
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